Foot pain can be very painful no matter what time of day it is. However, having foot pain when you first wake up can be quite excruciating. This is because of the underlying cause of your condition, not due to the time of day.
When you have been sleeping for a while, the muscles of your calf and foot will naturally become tight. The tightness can cause discomfort when you first get out of bed.
Oftentimes, the pain will go away after you walk on the foot for a few minutes. On the other hand, sometimes the pain is unbearable and can last a while.
Morning foot pain can be caused by many factors such as tendinitis, plantar fasciitis or a stress fracture. People at a higher risk of foot injuries are individuals who are overweight and athletes such as dancers or runners.
There are various treatments like stretching, inflammatory medications and applying an ice pack.
Although the conditions of foot pain can vary, it is important to consult a specialist if the condition persists. Some of the causes of foot pain include:
Plantar Fasciitis is when the tissues that support the muscles and the arch of the foot are overly stretched. Overexertion of the tissues causes small tears on the surface.
These tears are what cause pain and sometimes inflammation. There are many things that can attribute to plantar fasciitis such as:
- Inadequate arch support
- A high arch or flat feet
- Wearing high heels to often
- Heel cords and tight Achilles tendons
- Shoes that are worn out and have a thin sole
- Have an odd foot position or unnatural walk
Foot pain when you first rise can also be caused by other conditions including tendinitis, arthritis and a stress fracture. Tendinitis is the degeneration of your tendons often caused by strain and overuse.
Arthritis is the degeneration of the cartilage; causes generally depend on the type of arthritis. A stress fracture is when one of the metatarsal bones partly cracks due to overuse or strain.
Inflammation and joint stiffness from most of these conditions may lead to significant pain when you first walk in the morning because there is less blood flow to the areas that have the issues.
There are various treatments that may help alleviate foot pain such as:
Stretching and Massaging
Specialists agree that one of the best ways to alleviate morning foot pain is to massage or stretch your calf and foot before getting out of bed and walking. A great way to massage the bottom of the foot is with a tennis ball. Gently move your foot over the ball to massage the bottom.
Ice Packs and Heat
Putting ice on your foot at night and using a heating pad in the morning may help relieve pain.
A Cast or Walking Boot
If you have a stress fracture then most physicians would recommend a cast or walking boot using crutches until the fracture is healed.
Your physician may recommend anti-inflammatories like ibuprofen or corticosteroid injection plus wearing a night splint.
One of the best ways to prevent foot pain and injuries is to avoid over stressing the muscles and tendons, wear proper shoes and maintain a healthy body weight. Improper shoes include flip-flops and heels as well as shoes that have no support and are too tight.
Your shoes should offer arch support and ample cushion. Likewise, your podiatrist or physician may recommend that you wear orthodontic shoes.
Stretching your feet before and after exercise can also prevent foot pain and possible injuries. as well, always allow sufficient recovery time between each workout.
Consult a Specialist
If you ever have concerns or questions about foot pain that you are experiencing, always consult your physician or a specialist. Although your foot pain may be caused from wearing ill-fitting shoes or heels every day, it is always best to consult with a specialist to make sure your condition is not something serious.